Confidence Building Measure (CBM) Korea Selatan Terhadap Tiongkok

Strategi Normalisasi Hubungan Diplomatik Pasca Boikot Ekonomi Tahun 2016


  • Tutut Paramita Sugiyanti
  • Tulus Yuniasih


diplomatic relations, economic boycott, strategy, China, South Korea


In July 2016, South Korea and the United States agreed to install the THAAD system in South Korea. This is a defense measure taken by South Korea because of North Korea's nuclear test activities that is considered as a threat. However, the action that is considered a step towards self-defense for South Korea is actually considered a threat to China. In results, China put sanction towards South Korea in form of an economic boycott. This study aims to analyze the strategies used by South Korea in improving diplomatic relations between South Korea and China after the boycott. In analyzing the case, the authors uses the concept of action-reaction patterns, security dilemma, and confidence building measures. Periodization of research was limited between 2016 – 2019, after China began to implement the economic boycott over South Korea until an agreement was reached to normalize relations between the two countries. The results of this study indicate that the enactment of economic boycotts carried out by China against South Korea has created severe impacts on South Korea's economy and security. CBMs was then implemented by South Korea as its strategy to normalize and improve relations, as well as build mutual trust between the two countries.


Abrahamian, Andray dan Daekwon Son. (2017). “Moving On: China Resolves THAAD Dispute with South Korea”. 38North. Diakses dari pada tanggal 1 Agustus 2019.
Berlinger, Joshua. (2017). “North Korea Casts Shadow as Trump and Moon Meet for First Time”. CNN. Diakses dari pada tanggal 1 Agustus 2019.
Centre for Strategic & International Studies. (2019). “Confidence-Building Measures.” Diakses dari pada tanggal 21 Juli 2019.
Choe, Sang Hun. (2017). “Moon Jae-In of South Korea and China Move to Soothe Tensions”. New York Times. Diakses dari pada tanggal 1 Agustus 2019.
Choi, Kang. (2018). “South Korea”. The Asan Forum. Diakses dari pada tanggal 27 Juni 2019.
Chung, Jae Ho. (2018). “South Korea’s Strategic Approach to China (or Lack of it).” Joint U.S.-Korea Academic Studies.
Easley, Leif-Eric. (2017). “China’s Charm Offensive on South Korea Is Starting to Work”. Foreign Policy. Diakses dari pada tanggal 1 Agustus 2019.
Hankyoreh. (2017a). “Belt and Road Forum Signals Reopening of South Korea-China Diplomacy”. Diakses dari pada tanggal 2 Agustus 2019.
Hankyoreh. (2017b). “China Invites South Korean Government Delegation to Belt and Road Summit”. Diakses dari pada tanggal 2 Agustus 2019.
Jung, Min Hee. (2017). “Lotte Faces 500 Billion Won Losses in China over THAAD Retaliation”. Business Korea. Diakses dari pada tanggal 19 Mei 2019. (2017). ”Sekarang, China jadi Negara Paling Dibenci Rakyat Korea Selatan.” Diakses dari pada tanggal 20 Juni 2019.
Mutmainnah, Rosyina. (2018). “Hubungan Pemerintah Korea Selatan-Chaebol Pasca Penerapan Sanksi Tiongkok atas Penempatan THAAD 2016-2017”. Skripsi, Yogyakarta: Universitas Islam Indonesia.
Meick, Ethan dan Nargiza Salidjanova. (2017). “China’s Response to U.S.-South Korean Missile Defense System Deployment and it’s Implications”. U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commision: Staff Research Report.
Permatasari, Decyani. (2019). ”Analisis Penggunaan Three Nos oleh Korea Selatan untuk Mengatasi Boikot di Cina Akibat Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD)”. Journal of International Relations, Vol. 5, No.1.
Snyder, Scott & See-Won Byun. (2017). “North Korea, THAAD Overshadow Beijing and Seoul’s 25th Anniversary.” Comparative Connections, Vol. 19, Issue 2: 81–90.
Swaine, Michael D. (2017). “Chinese Views on South Korea’s Deployment of THAAD”. China Leadership Monitor, No. 52.
Yonhap News Agency. (2017). “Damage from China’s Ban on S. Korean Tours estimated at 7.5 tln Won.” Diakses dari pada tanggal 11 Mei 2019.
Yonhap News Agency. (2019). “(2nd LD) Xi Says Many Things Possible from China-S. Korea Cooperation”. Diakses dari pada tanggal 20 juli 2019.
Yonhap News Agency. (2017). “(LEAD) Military, Lotte Sign Land-swap Deal for THAAD Deployment”. Diakses dari pada tanggal 1 Agustus 2019.




How to Cite

Sugiyanti, T. P., & Yuniasih, T. (2019). Confidence Building Measure (CBM) Korea Selatan Terhadap Tiongkok: Strategi Normalisasi Hubungan Diplomatik Pasca Boikot Ekonomi Tahun 2016. Balcony, 3(2), 167–175. Retrieved from




Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>