Strategi Rusia dalam Mengamankan Kepentingan Energi di Kawasan Asia Tengah Pada Tahun 2012 - 2016


  • Hijra Alif Sinatrya
  • Tulus Yuniasih


energy security, geopolitics, geostrategy, Central Asia, Russia


This qualitative research aims to analyze Russia's strategy in securing energy interests in the Central Asian region in the year 2012-2016. To achieve the importance of energy supply security (source) but also energy demand (market) in the region. This research uses energy security concept, along with geopolitical concept and geostrategy concept. The results show that Russia is implementing various strategies to secure energy interests in the region. Russia undertook a strategy based on energy security in its geopolitical form through the establishment of a near-abroad strategy, the forming of Russia's political energy strategy, and the strengthening of Russia's strategy in investment and trade. In addition, Russia also undertook a strategy in the form of geostrategy through strengthening Russia's role in the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) and the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU). The Russian strategy is an effort to achieve the national interests of the country and maintain its existence as an energy supplier and balance the influence of other countries such as Tiongkok and the United States in securing their energy interests.


Archellie, Reynaldo de. (2008). “Pragmatisme Politik Luar Negeri Vladimir Putin.” Glasnost Vol.4 No.2, hal. 48-62.
Asian Development Bank Institute. (2015). Connecting Central Asia with Economic Centers.
Ask Define. “Geostrategy.” diakses 30 oktober 2017.
Beshimov, Baktybek. & Ryskeldi Satke. (2014, 12 Maret). “The Struggle for Central Asia: Rusia vs China.” 201422585652677510.html diakses 1 Desember 2017.
Bordachev, Timofey. et. al. (2016). Russia, China, And USA In Central Asia: A Balance Of Interests And Opportunities For Cooperation. Valdai Discussion Club Report, hal. 3-14.
Brzezinski, Zbigniew. (1998). The Grand Chessboard: American Primacy and Its Geostrategic Imperatives, Washington, D.C.: Basic Books.
Denoon, David B. H. (2015). China, The United States, and The Future of Central Asia. New York: NYU Press.
EUCAM. (2012). “Security and Development Approaches to Central Asia: The EU Compared to China and Russia.” Working Paper No. 11, hal. 5-23.
International Trade Centre. (2016). diakses 20 November 2017.
Kavalski, Emilian. (2010). The New Central Asia: The Regional Impact of International Actors, Singapore: World Scientific.
Laruelle, Marlene. (2009). “Russia in Central Asia: Old History, New Challenges?.” EUCAM Working Paper No. 3, hal. 3-15.
Laruelle, Marlene. (2014). “Russia and Central Asia.” EUCAM Working Paper No. 17, hal. 1-4.Nixey, James. (2012). “The Long Goodbye: Waning Russian Influence in the South Caucasus and Central Asia.” Journal International Affairs hal. 1-16.
Malik, Hafeez. (1994). Central Asia’s Geopolitical Significance and Problems of Independence: An Introductions, New York: St. Martin Press.
Michel, Casey. (2014, 11 November). “China Edging Russia out of Central Asia.” diakses 1 Desember 2017.
Ministry of Energy of The Russian Federation. (2010). Energy Strategy of Russia for The Period Up To 2030, Moscow: Institute of Energy Strategy.
Nixey, James. (2012). “The Long Goodbye: Waning Russian Influence in the South Caucasus and Central Asia.” Journal International Affairs hal. 1-16.
Osterud, Oyvind. (1998). "The Uses and Abuses of Geopolitics." Journal of Peace Research No. 2, hal. 192.
Putz, Catherine. (2016, 3 Agustus). “5 Central Asian Foreign Ministers convene in Washington.” diakses 10 Desember 2017.
Raja, Margareta Erline Debata. (2013). “Kepentingan Rusia dalam Pembentukan Shanghai Cooperation Organization.” Journal Ilmu Hubungan Internasional Vol. 1 No. 2, hal. 285-298.
Rall, Ted. (2006). Silk Road to Ruin: Is Central Asia the New Middle East?, Nantier Beall Minoustchine Publishing.
Russell, Martin. (2017). “Eurasian Economic Union: The Rocky Road to Integration.” Belgia: European Parliamentary Research Service, hal. 1-12.
Russian International Affairs Council. (2013). Russia’s Interests In Central Asia: Contents, Perspectives, Limitations, Moscow: Institute of Oriental Studies RAS.
Shanghai Cooperation Organization Document. (2002). Charter of The Shanghai Cooperation Organization. diakses 20 Oktober 2017.
Sinitsina, Irina. (2012). “Economic Cooperation between Russia and Central Asian Countries: Trends and Outlook.” Kyrgyzstan: University of Central Asia Bishkek, Working Paper No 5.
The Central Bank of The Russian Federation. (2017, 31 Desember). “Russian Direct Investment Abroad.” diakses 19 Desember 2017.
The Russian Government. (2012, 28 September). “Meeting of CIS Council of Heads of Government.” diakses 13 Januari 2018.
The Russian Government. (2013, 30 November). “Meeting of CIS Council of Heads of States.” diakses 13 Januari 2018.
The Russian Government. (2016, 28 Oktober). “Meeting of CIS Council of Heads of Government.” diakses 14 Januari 2018.
The Russian Government. (2016, 22 Desember). “Russia’s Energy Strategy to 2035.” diakses 14 Januari 2018.
U.S. Department of State. (2017, 22 September). “C5+1 Fact Sheet.” diakses 10 Desember 2017.
Yergin, Daniel. (2011). “The Quest: Energy, Security, and The Remaking of The Moden Wolrd. New York: Pengun Press, hal. 264-267.
Yun, Yeongmi. & Ki-cheal Park. (2010). “Characteristic of Russian Policies in Energy Security Toward Central Asia: Focusing on the Construction of South Stream Pipeline.” Journal of East Asian Affairs Vol. 24, No. 2, hal. 158-159.




How to Cite

Sinatrya, H. A., & Yuniasih, T. (2018). Strategi Rusia dalam Mengamankan Kepentingan Energi di Kawasan Asia Tengah Pada Tahun 2012 - 2016. Balcony, 2(1), 91–101. Retrieved from